Why People have common DNA with most of the Plants and Animals?

Why People have common DNA with most of the Plants and Animals?

The Genetic Similarity of Humans with Monkeys is heavily in favor of the Evolution theory.

Humans belong to the animal kingdom and there were significant chances that our DNA will match with other animals. The advancement in medical technology enabled the scientists to sequence the genomes of all the organisms. This proved all the speculations right as a lot of things were found common between humans and other animals.

Similarly, a recent study showed that humans might have acquired genes from the plants as well. According to the latest research, 1% of human genome is made up of plants, fungi, and other micro-organisms. Examples of animals and plants that have similar DNA to humans are as follows.

Monkeys

We are most closely associated with this family of animals. The DNA of different breeds like Chimpanzees and Bonobos are about 99% identical to the human deoxyribonucleic acid. The expression of emotions of Bonobos resembles with us a lot. Similarly, the reproductive cycle of the female chimps corresponds to that of the humans. Gorillas have 98% similarity while the DNA of Orangutans share 97% properties with humans. An interesting thing is that the brain of both the species works in a similar fashion.

Dogs

Dogs are regarded as one of the most loyal animals by the humans. They are also considered the best friends of the mankind. The scientific research concludes that there is more than 80% similarity in the DNA of humans and dogs. That’s a massive reason why researchers look towards dogs to find cures for many diseases that are common in both the species. Currently, they are being studied for treating diseases like epilepsy, allergies, and cancers.

Cats

If you think that dogs are more close to you than cats in terms of DNA similarity, your information needs to upgrade. Cats share nearly 90% of our genes. This shows why we all love them. Scientists have found enough evidence to suggest that they self-domesticate to make themselves secure and ensure regular supply of food.

Mice

This is another creature that is being used in the laboratories, by the researchers, to find cures for different diseases. The reason for this is the 90% similarity in the genes of the mice and the humans. The most common treatments in which mice are used are gene therapy and gene replacement. The genetic resemblance leads to similar reactions to different medical processes and this can help us to find some amazing breakthroughs in the field of medicine.

Chicken

The DNA similarity of humans and birds is much less than that of animals but 65% resemblance with Chicken has crucial medical benefits. All of us very well know that virus flu is transmitted to humans and birds. Scientists hope that this similarity in gene structure will help them to develop vaccines for better prevention of such diseases.

Cabbage

Source of all life on Earth is the same and that is the reason we have genetic similarity in humans and plants. The percentages are surely not as high as in case of animals but there is a significant resemblance. Cabbage shares approximately 50% properties of the human gene. Cytochrome C is the protein that is common in both the species as it is found in Mitochondria.

Banana

Banana is the most popular fruit in the world. The fact that it gives instant energy is a major reason for this as people, particularly athletes, around the globe consume it for this purpose. According to a study, it is more than 60% identical to our DNA as all the basic cellular functions are common. Cell division and Replication of DNA are some of those functions.

Cucumber

The genes of cucumber are pretty much similar to squash, pumpkins, and watermelons. Scientists are hopeful that the sequencing of the cucumber genome will help them to improve the quality of all the related plants. The exact DNA similarity between humans and cucumber is unknown for now but there are some common features.

Other Plants

There are numerous other plants whose DNA match with ours. Lettuce is one such example as it is 16% identical to us genetically. Similarly, potatoes are similar to our genes but the level of similarity is not confirmed yet.

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Muneeb ud Deen
A sports fanatic who loves to read.
"Honesty and self-satisfaction have been my weapons throughout my writing career of 3 years."

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