What Do Scientists think about Religion?

What Do Scientists think about Religion?

Science and Religion are individual commodities and they cannot be merged, at least for now, in view of some of the greatest scientists ever.

Science and religion are often considered conflicting entities as the latter of the two requires faith and belief while science demands a scientific proof for everything. This can lead to various scenarios where certain beliefs of different religions are questioned by the scientists and this usually not end well. Despite the fact that the representatives from both sides have proposed solutions where both these things can co-exist, it happens rarely as confusion does arise sooner or later. That’s the reason why religious views of many renowned scientists can be categorized in the bracket of an atheist or an agnostic. The list includes revolutionary names like Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein. Other notable scientists are Carl Sagan, Neil deGrasse Tyson, and Richard Dawkins.

·         Stephen Hawking

He was considered as one of the most intelligent people in this world and his achievements in the field of theoretical Physics reflect that. He declared that religion is inferior to science as it is based on observation whereas the source of religion is an authority. He believed that there is a ‘Grand Design’ to this universe which can be explained by the ‘Theory of Everything. He also mentioned that science is moving in the right direction and humanity will be able to understand all about that theory in near future. He publicly stated his views about religion and said.

“I am an atheist.”

·         Albert Einstein

He is one of the most prolific scientists who changed the world of science and that’s why every aspect of his life was studied in detail. The fact that he didn’t believe in personal God led to an opinion declaring him as an atheist. He clarified about that and called himself more of a religious non-believer. He told the world that he believes in Pantheistic God of Baruch Spinoza. According to this belief, either the entire universe is God or an expression of His nature. Generally, Pantheism is defined as ‘God is everything and everything is God’. The acknowledgment that he didn’t believe in the Life after Death created doubts in the minds of a lot of people. He said.

“One life is enough for me.”

·         Carl Sagan

The public statements of Sagan, about religion, pointed in the direction of atheism. However, he denied this in various statements one way or another. He mentioned that the knowledge of an atheist is much more than his and he wants to wait for reasonable proofs before accepting the presence of a god. He said.

“I am not an atheist. An atheist is someone who has compelling evidence that there is no Judeo-Christian-Islamic God. I am not that wise, but neither do I consider there to be anything approaching adequate evidence for such a god. Why are you in such a hurry to make up your mind? Why not simply wait until there is compelling evidence?

·         Neil deGrasse Tyson

Despite the fact that atheists from all over the world claim that he belongs to them, this Astrophysicist wants the title of being a scientist over all other ‘ists’. Some people like Richard Dawkins came forward in his defense and clarified that he is more of an agnostic. Tyson believes that science and religion cannot be merged at this point. He told the world that the God described by the three monotheistic religions is benevolent and considering the dangers we have around us, he cannot believe in these religions. He said.

When I look at the universe and all the ways the universe wants to kill us, I find it hard to reconcile that with statements of beneficence.

·         Richard Dawkins

Considering the religious views he has these days, who would accept that he was confirmed in the Church of England at the age of 13. The knowledge of Darwinism proved to be the last nail in the coffin as all the religious faiths of Dawkins were gone after that. He mentioned it on different occasions that he is unable to understand how people continue to believe in God even after learning science. Dawkins gave himself a 6.9 on his spectrum of theistic probability as he said.

I cannot know for certain but I think God is very improbable, and I live my life on the assumption that he is not there.

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