Can Humanity be affected by Artificial Intelligence?

Can Humanity be affected by Artificial Intelligence?

Sofia Robot: Credit: Businessinsider

Artificial Intelligence can replace all the jobs that we do today.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) refers to any software built to learn or solve problems by using the same processing techniques that are performed inside a human brain. The most advanced examples of AI include Autopilot of Musk’s Tesla, Siri of Apple, and Amazon’s Alexa. Similarly, self-driving cars are improving every day thanks to this revolutionary technology. Thanks to AI, we have different detection systems, like voice detection and facial recognition. The use of all these outstanding feats of technology is simply immense.

It is progressing rapidly these days as a giant, tech companies are in a fierce battle against each other. Massive amounts of effort are being put in by all such companies to make the next breakthrough in this field. This race is a major reason why Google has hired the best professionals of AI around the globe. The salaries given to these individuals are just too good to be real. These extraordinary packages have molded the interests of many young people towards AI and it is pretty safe to assume that it will surely determine the future.

The tech experts have already mentioned that it has the power to transform the world. The opinions of these experts tend to variate on the outcome of this AI surge. Some think that humans will be safer in the hands of these AI systems while others feel that giving too much power to the machine would lead us to destruction. The statement of Max Tegmark sums up the equation as he said,

“Everything we love about civilization is a product of intelligence, so amplifying our human intelligence with artificial intelligence has the potential of helping civilization flourish like never before – as long as we manage to keep the technology beneficial.”

Artificial Intelligence is performing narrow tasks till now and that’s the reason scientists call it the narrow AI. The efficiency of this form of AI is excellent despite it lacks diversity. Having said that, the ultimate goal of the researchers is to create systems that had the potential to perform general tasks. The term associated with such systems is general AI where machines will have the capability to outperform humans in all the cognitive tasks as well. This is the point where a lot of people think that machines will overcome the humanity. As software has greater efficiency than the humans, all the manual jobs would be automated and this will cause havoc due to critical levels of unemployment. That’s the reason a lot of people has suggested that the humans will have to double up their levels of humanity in order to survive the revolution of automation.

The things that cannot be incorporated in machines are Emotions and Feelings. This limits their decision-making capacity and it can lead to devastating results. Therefore, there are scenarios where AI can have negative impacts on the humanity. According to scientists, the following scenarios are most likely to happen.

        Devastating Program

Artificial Intelligence has made weapons industry more sensitive than ever. Autonomous weapons in wrong hands can cause a large-scale massacre of the humans. As more and more countries are trying to develop such weapons, the risk of an AI war will increase more and more.

         Achievement of Goal

The entire working of an AI system is dependent on achieving the goals that are fed to it. This means that we must ensure that the tasks given to these machines are not conflicting with the interests of the humanity. It is pretty simple to say but managing this is extremely difficult. These AI systems just love their goals and will eliminate all possible hindrances to achieve them. This can cause all the serious problems you can think of.

In order to save humanity from such risks, safety in AI in a necessity. Many influential people like Elon Musk, Bill Gates, and Stephen Hawking (Late) have also shown their concern towards these risks. All this urged scientists to look for inducting safety in the field of AI to make sure it causes more good than bad. Applications of AI are everywhere from Economics to Law and from Security to Weapons. Consider the damage that can happen if your laptop gets hacked and it controls your car, your trading system, or the pacemaker in your body. In light of all these points, it can be concluded that AI will surely affect humanity in the future. Whether it will be positive or not, only time will tell.

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